Which Are the Top 10 Programming Languages to Learn in 2023? [ Most Popular]

by Bharat Arora · Updated December 10, 2021

In this blog, you are going to know about the top programming languages to learn in order to create a successful future for yourself.


You will understand what are these languages used for, how they work, and all the other brief information about that particular programming language.
top programming language

1. Python

Python is helpful for developers to practice various programming techniques (functional, object-oriented, reflective, etc.) while creating a program as it is a programming language.

It’s considered one of the easiest languages to learn and easy to use. Python is the best language for any beginner as well as for any expert coder.

Language speech comes with an entire library that supports common commands and all the tasks.

There are many famous digital tools and platforms created with python, like Youtube, Google Search & iRobot machines.

The interactive feature gives programmers access to test code as they go; it helps decrease the unnecessarily wasted time building and experimenting with a long section of code.

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2. PHP

PHP is a well-known programming language that is open source, and it was created in 1990.

Many web developers find that it is essential to study PHP, as the language is used to create more than 80% of the website on the internet. These include Yahoo and Facebook.

PHP is used by programmers majorly to write server-side scripts. Developers can also use this language to create command-line scripts, and those programmers having a high level of PHP coding skills can quickly develop a desktop application.

PHP is generally considered an easy language to learn for beginning developers.

3. Swift

If you are focused on apple goods and mobile app development, in that case, Swift is a fantastic place to start. Apple initially started it in 2014. Swift is considered as the comparatively new programming language used to develop iOS and macOS applications.

Swift has already been optimized to increase the speed and create from the ground up to cater to the actualities of modern iOS development.

Not only does iOS generally runs on every iPhone and iPad, but it is the basics of all the other operating systems such as watchOS(Apple Watch) tvOS (apple TVs).

Furthermore, Apple isn’t going anywhere as a tech industry leader, and iOS apps will be most successful in the mobile app marketplace.

4. Java

Java is considered heavy with features and object-oriented programming language which is in high demand. This is built with the assumption that “write once, run anywhere”, which means that it can be composed on all the devices and it can work on cross-platform.

This makes it one of the most sorted language skills. So if you are trying to read a language that can get you an excellent career this can be considered as the one, as the top recruiters for JAVA programmers are eBay, IBM & Amazon.

While it might not be easy to pick up as it was with Python, Java is considered a high-level language and so it is but comparatively friendly for beginners. Although it has a moderate starting it will take much longer for newcomers to extend their pilot project.

5. Kotlin

Kotlin can be considered the general-purpose programming language that was first developed and revealed as project Kotlin by JetBrains in 2011.

The first version of Kotlin was officially launched in 2016, which is compatible with Java and supports the functionalities of programming languages.

Kotlin is majorly used for Android apps, web apps, desktop apps, and it serves as side application development.

Kotlin was initially created to be more reliable than the existing Java, and people who use this language were convinced. Majorly the google apps are based out on Kotlin.

The companies using Kotlin as their programming language are Coursera, Pinterest, PostMates, etc.

6. SQL

Structured Query Language ( SQL) is a computer language that gives programmers access to a question and manages the database.

It is designed mainly to keep data within the RDBMS (relational database management system) as a domain-focused language.

SQL can easily find and recover the data from a database that can further be updated and add or remove records.

As SQL is very much beneficial, it works best with small databases and doesn’t always represent itself in managing friendly ones.

7. C & C++

C is considered the most beloved and popular programming language and is the primary source for other programming languages like Java, C#, and JavaScript.

C++ is an improvised version of C. Many of the developers nowadays skip learning C on themself, while some of them believe that learning C initially provides a valuable base for C++ development.

Programmers in computer science and programming commonly use both languages.

C++ and C programmers can easily use complier for many platforms, making it easy to transport the apps created in these languages.

C & C++ are both considered as high-performance language. These languages are extensively used in building critical performance apps, like client/server apps, commercial products such as Adobe, Firefox, and video games.


HyperText Markup Language is better known as HTML.

Don’t get confused by the familiar-sounding name, though; HTML is one of the most friendly stepping stones inside the world of programming.

Technically, HTML is considered a markup language; this indicates that it’s responsible for editing the display of information on a website.

Basically, HTML is required to define the web pages and the standard text.

It does not have the identical functionalities like other programming languages have in this list, and it is limited to only creating and structuring the text on a website.

9. CSS

CSS stands for cascading style sheet is normally

combined with HTML and oversees the website’s appearance.

Where HTML divides site text into chunks, CSS reviews all page elements size color, and position.

CSS is also convenient as cascading part of the CSS means that an involved style will cascade down from the parental element to the child element throughout the website.

This feature defines that when a user understands the aesthetics for the parent class, they don’t have to repeat their code all over the website manually.

Moreover, the assignment of site organization to HTML and aesthetics to CSS defines that the user won’t have to write the whole web page again just to change the color.

10. JavaScript

To regulate the behavior of web pages, JavaScript is used.

Coders can quickly build powerful web components like animated graphics, clickable buttons, interactive maps, and many more.

Developers who use HTML, JavaScript, and CSS in tandem gain a higher level of site control and serve better user experience in readability and navigation.

Today JavaScript is considered the standard language for coding worldwide. The best reason to support this is that most browsers use this language, and it is also considered the most accessible language to learn.

You nearly don’t need any prior coding experience to become a JavaScript expert. It’s like when you start studying; you can practice and play with the language directly.

What are your thoughts?

Which language are you going to pursue?


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