Top 7 Programming Languages to Learn For Building a Website in 2023

by Bharat Arora · Updated December 29, 2021

In this blog, you are going to know about the programming languages which are beneficial to learn if you wish to start building a website.

This blog will help you to understand which languages you should learn and brief of all the languages that should be learned to start creating a website.


It’s no doubt that JavaScript is one of the most famous programming languages.

Over the past few years, JavaScript has held its place at the top of enterprise app development.

Enterprises are now skimming for additional front-end web development assistance to redesign their application.

It has evolved the go-to language for most web development companies with versatile functionality for enterprise app development.

Whereas all the other programming languages have remained steady in the changing environment.

It indicates that the demand for web development services is still rising, especially with cloud-native practices.

These are some of the major features of the JavaScript programming language for your reference:

  • Structured – JavaScript is an admiringly structured language with a proper and planned syntax derived from C. This language also has a function scoping by it lacks block scoping, unlike C. It too distinguishes between remarks and phrases, just like the virtual C web programming platform.
  • Dynamic – The classes in JavaScript are not related to variables but are related to values. This is considered a dynamic programming language that enables you to test the style of an object in various ways. Also, this particular programming language is object-oriented, where all the things are associative arrays.
  • Functional – All functions in JavaScript are objects and are all first-class. They are associated with their functions as well as characteristics. For example, a function is called a nested function, whereas this language also supports the anonymous function.


HTML is considered the basic of all coding languages. If you intend to create a website or web app, HTML will equip you with a solid foundation for website development.

Since many websites are created on top of HTML, programmers can easily style your code to fit your exact needs by an experienced developer.

HTML offers you a good beginning at writing code that intention do something besides showing details on the screen.

And understanding how to create basic pages can come convenient if you plan on broadcasting your content online someplace down the bar, too!

On the other hand, CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) is a programming language that defines how to show HTML documents on screen, paper, or other media.

CSS is necessary when we talk about modern web design; CSS enables designers to divide style from content.

Doing so makes it easier for numerous individuals to work on various parts of a website since they can change styles without accidentally damaging other elements.

At its core, CSS provides you ways of formatting text elements on a page—such as titles or paragraphs—with predefined fonts and colors.


Python is a positively used and all-purpose programming language that is dynamic in nature.

Being dynamic indicates that you, as a developer, can write and run the code without the need for a compiler.

The structure of the language is such that it can easily support code readability which means that its syntax is like that only a few lines of codes are required to express a point or a concept.

This high-level or advanced language is considered easy for beginners to understand and learn.

Python powers some of the apps are Rdio, Instagram, and Pinterest.

Besides this, Python supports some other web platforms are Django, Google, NASA, Yahoo, etc.

Some of the other features in this language include automatic memory management, an extensive library, a dynamic type system, and the support of many paradigms.

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Here are some of the essential principles summarized for you:

  • Explicit is better than implicit
  • The complex is better than the complicated.
  • Beautiful is better than ugly
  • Readability is important
  • Simple is better than complex.


Java is yet another trendy and widely used language that you can feel for web development.

This language is an object-oriented, class-based, and contemporary language that Sun Microsystems developed in the 1990s.

Since then, the language has continued to be the most in-demand language that acts as a classic platform for enterprises and several mobile and games designers worldwide.

The app is designed so that it can work across several types of platforms.

This suggests that if a program is written on the Mac Operating system, it can also run on Windows-based operating systems.

Java was initially developed for interactive television when it was originally designed, but the developers realized that this language and technology was way too forward for this industry.

These are the five primary goals that were kept in mind while creating this language:

  • It must be a safe and robust programming language.
  • It must be threaded, dynamic, and interpreted.
  • It must be an object-oriented, simple language that becomes familiar soon.
  • It must be portable and architecture-neutral.
  • It must be competent to be enforced and completed with high performance.


C++ is a well compiled, general-purpose, and case-sensitive web programming language that is critical and offers establishments for low-level remembering manipulation.

Since the language uses both low-level features and the feature of high-level languages, it is considered a middle-level language.

This language was initially developed by Bjarne Stroustrup in 1979 and was later enhanced and renamed in 1983.

C++ is an object-oriented language. It supports the four principles of object-oriented development, including encapsulation, polymorphism, inheritance, and data hiding.

C++ is similar to C language in many ways and is, in fact, the superset of C. It means that any C language program is one of the programs of the C++ programming language.

There are many technical details in the language, but the essential part in learning this language is you don’t have to get lost in these small details but rather concentrate on its concepts.

There are three major parts of C++ and they are:

  • The stock library of C++ can give a rich combination and gamut of features such as strings and manipulating sets, etc.
  • The standard template library or STL can provide a rich set of methods for manipulating data structures and other elements.
  • The core C++ language can provide elements like literals, data types, and variables.


The term ‘PHP’ is generally used to define PHP Hypertext Processor language. This unrestricted server-side scripting language was developed for web development and as a general-purpose programming platform.

This widely used language was developed in 2004 and now powers approximately 200 million websites worldwide.

Famous examples of websites powered by this platform include WordPress,, and Facebook.

PHP is an interpreted script language that an interpreter usually processes.

For this reason, the language is specially fitted for server-side programming that frequently performs server tasks when the website development process is on.

These are some of the points which will help you understand:

  • This language is compatible with UNIX-based OS as well as Windows OS.
  • The language can be implanted in HTML directly.
  • PHP is an open-source language and fast prototyping language.
  • PHP is most used in industries, including startup businesses, advertising apps, small software organizations, and media agencies.

C language

The language was first launched in the 1970s; C is one of the most aged languages still alive and works well today.

C has had a tremendous impact on the computer programming terrain as it is the root of every machine.

There are a bunch of programming languages in the C family that have developed in C or are deeply influenced by its paradigms, constructs and, syntax.

These languages contain C#, Java, and Objective-C.

Because C allows developers to get close to the computer’s internal workings, C is still favored for developing technical high-performance apps.

Moreover, C is majorly used for developing ingrained systems and is the base for the Linux operating system.

Here are a few points to explain more precisely:

  • The language was designed to deliver low-level memory access.
  • The language was designed to be easily compiled by making use of a simple compiler.
  • It was designed in a way that it should need minimum possible run-time support and encouraged cross-platform programming.
  • C is a procedural or critical language.

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